Dr. Paul Curtin along with his colleagues from Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai in New York City have discovered that autism spectrum disorder (ASD) can be predicted in advance, by looking at zinc and copper metabolic cycles in a baby’s teeth. This discovery could lead to the development of novel diagnostic tools with a 90% accuracy level.
Violet was diagnosed with Coats disease. The pupil in one eye was clear and the iris had less color than the other eye. It is a rare and painful condition causing blindness due to abnormal growth of blood vessels behind the eye. She was completely blind in her left eye and requires emergency treatment to preserve the sight in her right eye.
A research team from Rush University Medical Centre in Chicago have identified urinary markers, which would develop osteolysis or bone destruction in the patients who have undergone total hip replacement surgeries. By collecting the 24-hour urine sample, a comparative study was conducted between the patients who had undergone hip replacements and patients who did not.
It was great news in the field of medicine when geneticists from University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) created a novel technique to hunt for natural hormones that would enhance cell communication to play a major role in treating obesity, diabetes and cardiovascular diseases. Scientists discovered two hormones called "notum" and "lipocalin-5", which would aid in the fat burning process. Lipocalin-5 also enhances metabolism and absorption of dietary nutrients by reducing the risk of diabetes and obesity.
In a research study led by Yuksel Agca, associate professor of veterinary pathology and a researcher in the Comparative Medicine Program in the MU College of Veterinary Medicine, it was found that two proteins namely APP and PS1, were the key factors linked to Alzheimer’s disorder, by carrying out the research work in rat model. If the accumulation of amyloid-β could be manipulated, it could lead to a decrease in the onset of Alzheimer Disease.
Mark Michalski, MD, executive director of the Massachusetts General Hospital and Brigham and Women's Hospital Center for Clinical Data Science stated that the anticipation regarding AI is due to three key factors: the increasing contribution of digital data that can be created, the creation of algorithms that make artificial neural networks and "GPU" chip architecture (graphics processing unit), developed by NVIDIA.
With parents' permission, the new app enables a smartphones' front camera to record videos of a child's reactions while watching a movie with the phone place facing them. This is done obtain autism risk behaviors such as attention, emotions and patterns. The recorded response is then sent to the research survey, where behavioral automatic coding software keeps track on the movements on the video and marks on the child's face after which their attention and emotions are measured.
A research team from John Hopkins University School of Medicine created a cost-effective and patient-centric smartphone video-based app, which would substitute the daily in-person visits by a healthcare worker required for TB therapy, known as DOT (Directly Observed Therapy).
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