What to know about Thyroid Issues

June 25, 2018  Source: WebMD 151

Your thyroid is a butterfly-shaped organ located at the bottom of your neck and is responsible for numerous functions including the following:

  • Metabolism
  • Body weight
  • Breathing
  • Body temperature
  • Cholesterol levels
  • Heart rate
  • Muscle strength
  • Central and peripheral nervous systems
  • Menstrual cycles


Hypothyroidism is a condition where the thyroid gland is underactive meaning that it does not produce a sufficient amount of thyroid hormones. A common cause of hypothyroidism is Hashimoto’s thyroiditis, an autoimmune disease where the body produces antibodies which attack the thyroid.

The disease tends to affect older women and people with a close relative who with autoimmune diseases such as type 1 diabetes, celiac disease and rheumatoid arthritis more.

Symptoms of hypothyroidism are:

  • Depression
  • Constant fatigue
  • Sensitivity to cold
  • Slow heartbeat
  • Weight gain
  • Menstrual cycle changes
  • Constipation
  • Enlarged thyroid


Hyperthyroidism means that the thyroid gland is overactive, producing an excessive amount of thyroxine, resulting in a metabolism that is too fast with various symptoms. An autoimmune disorder named Graves disease is often the cause of hyperthyroidism.

Some symptoms of an overactive thyroid are:

  • Mood swings as well as anxiety and irritability
  • Constantly fatigue
  • Problems sleeping
  • Heat sensitivity
  • Heart palpitations
  • Weight loss
  • Menstrual cycle changes
  • Enlarged thyroid
By Ddu